The 2008–13 Campaign for Berkeley raised .13 billion from 281,855 donors.The original name, University of California, was frequently shortened to California or Cal.For 2017–18, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked Berkeley 5th in the world.Berkeley ranks 27th internationally in the QS World University Rankings. Berkeley is ranked 18th internationally in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and as the 6th most reputed university in the world by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings.With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan.In 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento, ultimately becoming the University of California, Davis. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942.UC Berkeley's athletic teams date to this time and so are referred to as the California Golden Bears, Cal Bears, or just Cal. Nimitz established the first Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps unit at Berkeley.
In particular, during World War II and following Glenn Seaborg's then-secret discovery of plutonium, Ernest Orlando Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory began to contract with the U. During the Mc Carthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath.Ten faculty members and almost 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869.In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president.Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley.In the highly publicized People's Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guard was called in and violence erupted.