The authors of the gospels and the general time periods when the gospels were published were known by the church. This is what establishes their publication in the first century. He was considered a god, and as a god was honoured by you with a statue, which statue was erected on the river Tiber, between the two bridges, and bore this inscription, in the language of Rome, “Simoni Deo Sancto.” If Peter came to Rome when Claudius was Emperor, it was most likely in the early 50’s A. So Peter would not have stayed in Rome for that whole period. Paul appeals to Caesar which gives Paul the right to plead his case before the Emporer as a Roman citizen.
We will begin with the synoptic gospels and then give the general time period of John’s gospel which was written much later than the first three. He sets sail for Rome in the first few months of Festus’ reign.
Eusebius tells us that Paul was released from prison, went on a missionary journey and later returned to Rome where he was martyred for the gospel. His ministry as an apostle demanded that he travel and evangelize and establish churches in the faith. The four NT Gospels were collected by the church in the first century because they were written by the apostles Matthew and John, and by Mark, the close associate of the apostle Peter and by Luke, the close associate of the apostle Paul.
(See below) That leaves a period of two to six years that Paul was either in Rome or travelling from Rome or both. It is very likely that Peter did not stay in Rome for the whole period of time. The authors of the gospels are what was important to the early church and what is important to present day Christians.
Therefore, the gospels were published in their lifetimes in the first century. And coming to the city of Rome, by the mighty co-operation of that power which was lying in wait there, he was in a short time so successful in his undertaking that those who dwelt there honored him as a god by the erection of a statue. For immediately, during the reign of Claudius, the all-good and gracious Providence, which watches over all things, led Peter, that strongest and greatest of the apostles, and the one who on account of his virtue was the speaker for all the others, to Rome against this great corrupter of life. Most scholars estimate that Paul came to Rome around 60 A. In Acts 24-27, Paul first appears before Antonius Felix, the Roman Procurator and is confined for the last two years of Felix’ procuratorship. Paul was most likely sent to Rome in the first year of Festus’ taking office which would have been around 59 or 60 A. For more information see our article “The Authorship and Publication of the Gospel of Luke.” So, as we have seen from Irenaeus’ statement synthesized with other evidence from the early church fathers, Matthew’s Hebrew version was published in the 50’s with the Greek version being published in the late 50’s to early 60’s A. Ireneaus mentions the general time period of John’s death in “Against Heresies” (3.3.5), “those who were conversant in Asia with John, the disciple of the Lord, [affirming] that John conveyed to them that information.
Though this hypothesis was only briefly discussed in his 2011 work, in the volume presently under review, Vinzent seeks to further this view in four chapters of widely varying length, ultimately contending that Marcion wrote the very first Gospel and that all four canonical Gospels used Marcion’s Gospel as a source. And they taught together in like manner in Italy, and suffered martyrdom at the same time.’ Philip Schaff comments on the preposition “at” (“at the same time”) in the last sentence of the above statement which is in Greek “kata.” He writes, “The ‘kata’ allows some margin in time and does not necessarily imply the same day.”3 So Eusebius tells us that Peter and Paul were martyred during the same time period of Nero’s persecution of the Christians. In our article, "The Authorship and Publication of the Gospel of Mark”, we gave evidence for Mark publishing first a private edition for Christians at Rome who had requested it while Peter was away from Rome. Madden, History of Jewish Coinage (London, 1864), p. Reifenberg, Ancient Jewish Coins (Jerusalem, 1947), p. For both of them planted and likewise taught us in our Corinth. For more details, go to “The Authorship and Publication of the Gospel of Matthew.” Then Mark published his gospel after Matthew’s. When scrutinized, the Pauline epistles do not reveal any historical Jesus; nor do they demonstrate any knowledge of the existence of the four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. 4, 594-595), who states: The New Testament is now known, in whole or in part, in nearly five thousand Greek manuscripts alone.As has been proved repeatedly, the gospels themselves cannot be viewed as "history" written by "eyewitnesses." Besides the fact that they date to much later than is supposed, the gospels frequently contradict each other, and, based on the numerous manuscripts composed over the centuries, have been determined (by German theologian Johann Griesbach, for one) to be a mass of some 150,000 "variant readings." In this regard, The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, a Christian book, contains an article written by M. Every one of these handwritten copies differ from the other one It has been estimated that these manuscripts and quotations differ among themselves between 150,000 and 250,000 times. A study of 150 Greek manuscripts of the Gospel of Luke has revealed more than 30,000 different readings It is safe to say that there is not one sentence in the New Testament in which the manuscripts' tradition is wholly uniform.